Transboundary Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) Strategies for Solving the Water Deficit Problem in the Middle East

The SALAM Initiative is a research and development project aimed at developing innovations to reduce the enormous water scarcity in Israel, Jordan and the West Bank. This is based on cross-border, integrated water transfer strategies, consisting of water transfer solutions combined with water exchange agreements, to cover water shortages in Jordan and the West Bank in a cost-effective manner in the coming decades. The SALAM innovations address regional challenges. Available industrial land, particularly in the coastal area, is scarce and expensive due to population growth and increasing urbanisation. These bottlenecks have already led to public opposition to a new desalination plant in northern Haifa, Israel. In contrast to Israel, Jordan’s access to seawater is limited by a short 27 km coastline on the Red Sea, which has a higher salt concentration of about 43 000 ppm than the eastern Mediterranean at 38 000 ppm.

The SALAM Initiative – Resolving the Water Deficit Problem in the Middle East - YouTube
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF) 
STEP Services
  • Contribute to the development of transboundary regional strategies for water production and transfer as well as wastewater management in relation to priority management and development objectives
  • Data collection of existing water infrastructure and technology selection for seawater desalination and energy generation
  • Development, simulation and optimization of cost-minimal and sustainable process concepts for seawater desalination in combination with renewable energies
  • Ecological and economic analysis of large-scale offshore desalination plants
  • Innovative concepts and feasibility for a water-energy SWAP between Jordan and Israel

Technical Data
  • Desalination capacity from 200 to 600 MCM/a
  • Electricity demand for desalination   < 3 kWh/m³
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